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Japan is a beautiful country that has a clear divide between the four seasons.

Nowadays there are many flower varities and a lot of foreign species have been introduced to Japan, but in Japan’s long history, there are also many beautiful flowers that have continued to bloom throughout the years. There are also flowers that let the seasons pass and bloom accordingly.

Flowers also have beautiful meanings. 

If you come to Japan, you should definitely know the meaning of Japanese flowers when you see them! Here are 10 of the most common ones.

1. Tsubaki (Camellia) – Spring 

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This is a beautiful flower often used in traditional Japanese patterns.

It means “humility,” “discretion,” and “the perfect love.”

2. Sumire (Violet) – Spring 

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It’s said that the flower’s shape is similar to a carpenter’s ink container, so it was given the name “sumire” (“sumi” – ink, “ire” – container).

It has meanings of “a small love,” “sincerity,” and “small bliss.”

3. Momo (Peach) – Spring

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It’s said that this flower was imported from China in the Yayoi period.

The fruit is edible.

In floral language it has the meaning of “I am your captive” and “Fascinating personality”

4. Sakura (Japanese Cherry) – Spring

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Sakura is the Japanese national flower. The Japanese enjoy Sakura in Ohanami which is the cherry blossoms festival in spring time.

In floral language it has the meaning of “Accomplishment” and “Beauty of heart”.

5. Sakurasou (Primula sieboldii) – Spring

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It is called Sakurasou because the shape of the flower looks like Sakura.

The flowers have been grown since the Edo period and this flower is quite popular in Japan.

In floral language it has the meaning of “Desire” and “Long-lasting love”.

6. Asagao (Morning Glory) – Summer

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This flower was introduced in Japan in the Heian period.

Just as its name, this flower only blooms in the morning and cool time.

In floral language it has the meaning of “Brief love” and “Bond of love”.

7. Kiku (Chrysanthemum) – Autumn

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The flower is originally from China, but it is also a symbol of Japan as well as Sakura.

In floral language it has the meaning of “Noble”, “Trust me” and “Purity”.

8. Kinmokusei (Orange Osmanthus) – Autumn

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This flower was introduced from China to Japan in the Edo period.

In floral language it has the meaning of “Truth” and “Noble person”.

9. Kosumosu (Cosmos) – Autumn

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 This flower was also introduced to Japan in the Edo period.

The shape of the flower is similar to Sakura, so it is written “Autumn Sakura” in Chinese characters (Kanji).

In floral language it has the meaning of “Maiden Japanese heart”, “Cleanliness” and “Love”.

10. Ume (Japanese Apricot) – Winter

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A long time ago, Kenzuishi (the Japanese official diplomatic delegations sent to China during the Sui dynasty) brought this tree back to Japan.

The fruit of Ume is eaten in Japan.

In floral language it has the meaning of “Elegance”, “Faithfulness” and “Pure heart”.

 

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