Okinawa can be largely divided up into for regions: the southern region (with Naha City, etc.) the central region, the northern region and the isolated islands. Each of the titles of the items in the list contains the region, so you can refer to these when planning your sightseeing route.
1. Shuri Castle [Southern region] ＜Sightseeing＞oki-park.jp
From the 15th century until the 19th century, Okinawa was an independent kingdom, known as the Ryukyu Kingdom. For around 450 years, the country thrived as a center of overseas trade. In 2000, Shuri Castle was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage site. If you are looking to learn about the Rykyu culture and history, this is the place to go.
Address: 1-2 Shurikinjo-cho, Naha-shi, Okinawa (Google Map)
2. Nakagusuku Castle Ruins [Central region] ＜Sightseeing＞hfanblogs.jp
The ruins of a castle built in the 14th-15th century in the village of Kitanakagusuku. Located on top of a 160m tall hill, the six walled courtyards of this castle are a sight to see, and will allow you to feel the history and culture of the Ryukyu people. From the top of the ruins, you can enjoy a spectacular view of the Pacific Ocean. Nakagusuku Castle ruins are also registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Address: 503 Oshiro, Kitanakagusuku-son, Nakagami-gun, Okinawa (Google Map)
3. Fishing Port (Awase Fishing Port, Toya Fishing Port) [Central region] ＜Food＞blogs.yahoo.co.jp
At Awase Fishing Port and Toya Fishing Port, you can enjoy some of the freshest seafood caught in the seas close to Okinawa. Lobster, sea urchin, freshly fried tempura, here you can sample all the delights you would expect of a fishing port. Why not enjoy some fresh seafood with the locals? About 30-40m from the airport.
HP: yomigyo.shimatabi.jp/ (Japanese Only)
4. Ishigaki Island [Isolated islands] ＜Activity＞www.ishigaki-navi.netfind-travel.jpPhoto by nakimusi on FlickrPhoto by Guwashi999 on Flickr
In Michelin’s “Green Guide Japan,” Ishigaki Island has been awarded to stars, and Kabira Bay in Ishigaki Island has been awarded 3 stars, the top rank. As well as the beautiful clear seas, on the beaches you can see star-shaped sand, known as “hoshizuna.” The beef from Ishigaki Island is also famous.
HP: www.city.ishigaki.okinawa.jp/home/index.php (Japanese Only)
5. Cape Manza（万座毛）[Northern region] ＜Sightseeing＞www.cubex.jp
A spectacular example of Okinawa’s beautiful scenery. The sight of the sea and blue skies from the cape is breathtaking. If it is your first time in Okinawa, this is one place we recommend you visit. If you look carefully into the waters, you can see the beautiful coral reefs. The rock shaped like an elephant’s trunk is also famous.
HP: www.odnsym.com/spot/manza.html (Japanese Only)
6. Murasaki Mura（体験王国むら咲きむら）[Central region] ＜Activity＞www.okitour.net
An entertainment park where you can experience 101 different types of Okinawan culture. From Karate to Okinawan cooking, to Ryukyu glass making, and traditional Okinawan dyeing, there is something for everyone. You can also enjoy traditional Okinawan cuisine at the restaurant in the facility, Janatei, while watching traditional cultural arts.
HP: murasakimura.com/ (Japanese Only)
Address: 1020-1,Takashiho,Yomitanson, Nakagamigun, Okinawa (Google Map)
7. Ufuya (うふやー) [Northern region] ＜Food＞blogs.yahoo.co.jpcommunity.travel.yahoo.co.jp
A 100-year old traditional home that has been converted into a restaurant. It’s Okinawan dishes and soba made using Agu pork are incredibly popular. Beside restaurant is a natural stone park which is great to take a leisurely walk through after lunch.
Address: 90 Nakayama, Nago City, Okinawa (Google Map)
8. Kokusai Dori Yatai-mura（国際通り屋台村）[Southern region] ＜Food＞www.churatoku.netwww.okitour.net
Opened on Kokusai Dori in June 2015. There are 20 stalls at which you can enjoy a variety of local and original dishes made with Okinawan ingredients. The nearby Rito Marushe sells souvenirs mainly from the isolated islands of Okinawa, and also has a coffee shop. At the stage, you can enjoy various performances such as shimauta, or traditional Okinawan songs and eisa dances.
HP: www.okinawa-yatai.jp/ (Japanese Only)
Address: 3-11 Makishi, Naha City, Okinawa (Google Map)
9. Tsuboya Yachimun Street（壺屋やちむん通り） [Southern region] ＜Shopping, Activity＞chocoeri.exblog.jp
Yachimun is the word for Okinawa pottery. Tsuboya Yachimun Street has a long history spanning over 300 years, and here you can find many famous pottery workshops. We recommend taking part in a yachimun pottery class, searching for some original souvenirs for your friends back at home and enjoying a cup of coffee in a yachimun cup while you are here!
HP: www.tsuboya-yachimundori.com/ (Japanese Only)
10. Ryukyu Glass Craft [Southern region] ＜Activity＞find-travel.jp
Ryukyu glass is one of Okinawa’s most well known traditional crafts. Originally made from glass bottles disposed of by the US military after the war, but now it is made with a high level of skill in a variety of beautiful colors and designs, making it a popular souvenir.
Address: 169 Fukuji, Itoman City, Okinawa (Google Map)
11. Kouri Island, Sesoko Island [Northern region] ＜Activity＞youtube.comwww.g-n.co.jp
Kouri island is a remote island in the northern part of the Okinawa mainland that you can access by car along the Kour island Ohashi bridge. It has one of the most beautiful beaches in the whole of Okinawa. Sesoko island is beach resort in the north of the Okinawa mainland that you can access by car.
HP: kourijima.info/ (Japanese Only)
HP: www.sesoko.net/ (Japanese Only)
12. Miyako Island [Isolated islands] ＜Activity＞Photo by Ippei & Janine Naoi on FlickrPhoto by cyber0515 on Flickr
A beautiful island with emerald blue seas and white sands. Many divers both from Japan and overseas visit the island every year, drawn by the clear blue seas and beautiful coral. Why not pay a visit to the island to see some of the unique Miyako Island culture? It’s about 45 minutes from the mainland by aeroplane.
HP: www.miyako-guide.net/ (Japanese Only)
13. Kamimura Shuzo [Central region] ＜Activity＞www.okinawa-awamori.or.jp
Kamimura Shuzo is an old distillery established in 1882, located in the center of the mainland. Tours of the distillery are available not only during the day, but at night as well. You can make a souvenir awamori bottle which can be stored in the cellars beneath the distillery for 5 to 10 years. You can also hold awamori parties here!
HP: www.kamimura-shuzo.co.jp/ (Japanese Only)
Address: 570, Ishikawa Kadekaru,Uruma-City, Okinawa (Google Map)
14. Makishi Public Market [Southern region] ＜Shopping＞mimiraisan.exblog.jp
A public market known as the “Kitchen of Okinawa.” Visited by the Okinawan locals for their shopping, it is a great place to catch a glimpse of the everyday life of the Okinawan people. It is also very enjoyable talking to the friendly merchants. There are many restaurants offering dishes made with local ingredients at the market, and you’re able to find all the local ingredients here.
HP: kousetsu-ichiba.com/ (Japanese Only)
Address: 2-10-1 Matsuo, Naha City, Okinawa (Google Map)
15. The Ruins of Katsuren Castle [Central region] ＜Sightseeing＞www.odnsym.com
The ruins of Katsuren Castle are Okinawa’s oldest ruins and are registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is said that the castle was originally constructed in the 12th century. If you climb the small hill on which the castle ruins stand, you can enjoy a breathtaking view of the sea. It is one of Okinawa’s most famous tourist spots.
Address: 3908 Katsurenhaebaru, Uruma City, Okinawa (Google Map)
16. Yachimun Kissa Shisa-en（やちむん喫茶シーサー園） [Northern region] ＜Food＞ishinori01.blog.fc2.comokista.net
A cafe in the mountains in northern Okinawa. A number of shisa sit on the red tiled roof of this nostalgic old folk house. Enjoying a glass of freshly squeezed acerola or citrus depressa juice and some traditional Okinawan snacks such as hirayachi while listening to the chirping of the birds is exquisite. A calming, relaxing cafe.
HP: www.churashima.net/shima/special/cafe/okinawa/yachimun/ (Japanese Only)
Address: 1439 Izumi, Motobu-cho, Kunigami-gun, Okinawa (Google Map)
17. Shikinaen [Southern region] ＜Sightseeing＞www.okitour.net
One of Okinawa’s many UNESCO World Heritage Site. During the Ryukyu Kingdom period, it was used as a second residence by the royal family to rest or entertain guests from China. Walking through the Ryukyu style palace and gardens and the pond shaped like the Chinese character meaning heart or spirit (“心”), you can get a real taste of Ryukyu culture and history.
HP: www.city.naha.okinawa.jp/kakuka/kyouikubunkazai/bunkazai/shikinaen.html (Japanese Only)
Address: 421-7 Maji, Naha City, Okinawa (Google Map)
18. Kajinhou [Northern region] ＜Food＞tour-okinawa.com
An old folk house that has been refurbished into a cafe. Located on top of a hill in the northern Okinawa, Kajinhou’s hand-made pizzas and fresh acerola, mango and guava juices are incredibly popular. From the outside of the cafe, you can enjoy a spectacular view of the sea.
HP: kajinhou.com/ (Japanese Only)
Address: 1153-2 Yamazato, Motobu Town, Okinawa (Google Map)
19. Mihama American Village（美浜アメリカンビレッジ） [Central region] ＜Shopping＞www.okitour.net
About 40m from Naha Airport by car. A large shopping center with the atmosphere of the American west coast. It also has a cinema and bowling alleys. A number of American restaurant chains, such as Tony Roma’s and Red Lobster, have set up branches here so you can enjoy some authentic American culture while you’re in Okinawa.
Address: Mihama, Chatan-cho, Nakagami-gun, Okinawa (Google Map)
20. Nagannu Island（ナガンヌ島）[Southern region] ＜Activity＞www.nagannu.comasp.hotel-story.ne.jp
A resort about 20m from Naha City by ferry. The beautiful tropical fish and coral reefs you can see here are sure to leave you with some fond memories of your visit. As well as marine sports such as snorkelling, diving and ocean walking, you can spend some relaxing time on the beautiful beaches here, too.
HP: www.nagannu.com/ (Japanese Only)
Address: 3-14-2 Tomari, Naha City, Okinawa (Google Map)