5 yen coin
▼The ear of rice
【Left one in the photo:】What is designed above on one side is the ear of rice, which represents Japanese food culture as Japan’s staple food is rice. Actually the ear of rice is used in order to represent Japanese agriculture.
【Left one in the photo】Around the hall in the center, you can see small squares. It represents a gear. Why gear? Which shows Japanese industry.
【Left one in the photo】On the bottom, you can see two letters meaning “5” “yen” in Kanji (5 yen coin is the only one which uses Kanji instead of Arabic numerals to show its value). And behind these letters, some lines are designed. It means water. This is for showing Japanese marine product industry.
▼Futaba (Pair cotyledon)
【Right one in the photo】On the other side, “Japan” (above) and “the year” when the coin is made (on the bottom) are written in Kanji. Between these two words, you can see futaba, a pair cotyledon in Japanese. These futabas represent Japanese forestry.
10 yen coin
【Left one in the photo】What’s designed on one side is Byōdō-in which is registered as a World Heritage site.
Byōdō-in (平等院?) is a Buddhist temple in the city of Uji in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. It is jointly a temple of the Jōdo-shū (Pure Land) and Tendai-shū sects.
The main building in Byōdō-in, the Phoenix Hall consists of a central hall, flanked by twin wing corridors on both sides of the central hall, and a tail corridor. The central hall houses an image of Amida Buddha. The roof of the hall displays statues of the Chinese phoenix, called hōō in Japanese.
▼Evergreen broadleaved forest
【Right side in the photo】On the other side of the coin, you can see the number of its value in Arabic numerals and the year when the coin was made in kanji. On the bottom, you can see the leaves which are supposed to the leaves of the evergreen broadleaved forest. As Byōdō-in is even now appreciated for its beauty even after a long time, people may want to think of the idea of Japan prospering forever.